Home Emergency Plans

Fire Escape Planning
Draw a floor plan of your ground or upper floor bedrooms - with 2 escape routes from each room:

Step 1 (Basic Floor Layout)
  1. Make an outline of your entire floor area; dimensions and details need not be exact.
  2. Now add each bedroom and label it.
  3. Locate windows, doors and stairways. If an upper floor, shade in any rooftops that could be used as a fire escape.
Step 2 (Room Inspection)
  1. Go to each bedroom and select the best window for an emergency escape.
  2. Test the windows or screens to see that they work easily and are large and low enough to use.
Step 3 (Complete "Escape Plan:)
  1. Black arrows show normal exit through hall or stairway.
  2. Outline arrows show emergency exit in case fire blocks hallway or stairs.
Family Instructions
Gather your family together for a short explanation of the vital nighttime fire escape procedures.

Point 1
Always sleep with the bedroom or hall door closed. It can keep out fire long enough to allow escape through your emergency escape route (usually a window).

Point 2
Make certain that a smoke detector is installed and operating properly in the hallway outside bedrooms. Fire safety officials are now recommending the placement of smoke detectors inside bedrooms where the door is kept closed at night. This is to protect against the advent of fire starting inside the bedroom.

Point 3
Don't waste time getting dressed or gathering valuables. Precious seconds can count in a fire.

Point 4
Test the door before opening. Intense heat and deadly smoke can be on the other side.

Point 5
Have an outside meeting place to quickly check if everyone is safe. Once out, stay out!

Point 6
Plan to use a neighbor's phone to dial 911.

Exit Drills in the Home (EDITH)
Conducting Your Fire Escape Drill
  1. Everyone is in his/her bedroom (doors closed).
  2. Test your smoke detector to sound the alarm.
  3. Everyone swings into action - out of bed, to the door.
  4. Carefully test door before opening.
First Drill
Escape through normal exit (hall or stairway).

Second Drill
Imagine doors are hot and the hall is blocked by fire. Now everyone must test their emergency escape exit. Depending on age and capability, you need not actually go out on the roof, but be sure everyone can open windows and screens easily. Position an emergency escape ladder quickly, etc.
  • Create your plan
  • Review your plan
  • Practice your plan
Note: Once outside, stay outside - Never re-enter a burning building or house! Let the firefighters know if there are people or pets left inside.